The Amphitheatre is the 20th largest Roman amphitheater in the world. Converted into a fortress to resist the invaders during the Middle Ages, soon a village was built inside until the authorities finally decided to destroy the houses and restore the building as it was during the Roman time.
Van Gogh spent a year and a half in Arles and completed many paintings under the bright light of the Provence sun. He rented the Yellow House and spent a lot of time there with his friend Paul Gauguin. There, he painted Sunflowers and "Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear" after he got in a violent fight with Gauguin.